26/12/2013

Gertrude Käsebier

GERTRUDE KÄSEBIER

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_K%C3%A4sebier
http://www.moma.org/collection/artist.php?artist_id=3008
http://www.leegallery.com/gertrude-kasebier/gertrude-kase...
http://www.pinterest.com/soos55/gertrude-kasebier/
http://spenceralley.blogspot.be/2010/11/gertrude-kasebier...

Première grande référence féminine de la photographie, l'Américaine Gertrude Käsebier (mai 1852-octobre 1934) est une artiste remarquable et incomparable. Elle est l'un des maîtres de la photographie du vingtième siècle et l'une des fondatrices de son histoire. Sa vision artistique débarrassée de l'ornement, ses portraits d'artistes, ses magnifiques images de la maternité (soutenues par une conception élevée du rôle pédagogique de la mère) et ses portraits d'Indiens (native Americans) appartiennent à l'iconographie artistique du siècle. Dans le monde alors fermé aux femmes de la photographie, Käsebier s'impose et force l'admiration de tous.

American photographer. She studied painting at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, NY (1889–93), and in France and Germany (1894–5). She began her professional photographic career c. 1894, as a magazine illustrator, and then c. 1898 she opened a portrait studio on Fifth Avenue in New York. Her simplified portrait style dispensed with scenic backdrops and fancy furniture and was soon widely emulated. Robert Henri, Auguste Rodin, Stanford White and the chorus girl Evelyn Nesbit were among her subjects. Beginning in 1898, her studies of mothers and children as well as her portraits were acclaimed at major photographic exhibitions such as the Philadelphia Photographic Salons. Käsebier was a founder-member of the Photo-Secession in 1902, and ‘Blessed art thou among women’ was among the photographs featured in the first issue of Camera Work in 1903. By 1907 she had begun to drift from the Photo-Secession, exhibiting with them for the last time in 1910. She resigned in 1912. During the second and third decades of the 20th century she was allied with the Pictorial Photographers of America. She closed her portrait studio c. 1920, and a retrospective of her photographs was held at the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences in 1929.

Käsebier generally printed in platinum or gum bichromate emulsions and frequently altered her photographs by retouching a negative or by rephotographing an altered print. She was the leading woman pictorialist photographer of her day and, as a married woman with children who attained success and fame, she became a model for others, including Imogen Cunningham.

Barbara L. Michaels from Grove Art Online - © 2009 Oxford University Press

Quelques-unes des oeuvres de Käsebier ont atteint à la reconnaissance internationale. Son troublant portrait de Miss N ou ceux des grands Chefs indiens sont de ceux-là. On identifiera notamment ici ses portraits du peintre Robert Henri (que j'aime énormément), du photographe Alfred Stieglitz (pour qui j'ai une immense estime), de l'écrivaine, musicienne, éditrice, enseignante et activitse politique Gertrude Simmons Bonnin dite Zitkala Sa, de la femme de lettres et dessinatrice Rose O'Neil, de la socialiste cubaine Rita de Acosta Lydig et de Maud Balligton Booth, leader de l'Armée du salut et cofondatrice des Volontaires de l'Amérique (aide aux nécessiteux et déshérités, sans domicile, handicapés mentaux, prisonniers).

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Miss N (Evelyn Nesbit)

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Rose O' Neil

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Zitkala Sa - Alfred Stieglitz - Robert Henri

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Auguste Rodin - Rita de Acosta Lydig - Maud Ballington Booth